"Step By Step" Training

Nature & The Environment

This page has been set up to share photos & video relating to the "Nature & the Environment" chapter of "Step By Step, A Tree Planter's Handbook." Visit www.replant.ca/books to see books about tree planting.

The run rises in the east.

By 9am, the sun is probably to the southeast, and if you're in Canada (or anywhere else in the northern hemisphere), it moves from left to right across the sky throughout the day.

By 10am, the sun is moving further south.

By 11am, the sun is almost due south.

At noon, the sun is [approximately] to the south. Once you've figured out which direction is approximately due south, you can figure out all the other directions of the compass.

After noon, the sun starts moving to the west.

Further west.

By 3pm, the sun is almost to the southwest, but it still has a long way to go until it finally sets, roughly in a westerly direction.

If you recognize the "big dipper" constellation, think about the two stars on the outside of the "dipper." If you trace a line between those two stars to a point approximately four times further above the dipper, you'll see a single star that is by itself in a relatively dark part of the sky. That star is Polaris, the north star. Face it, and you're facing roughly due north. And that's true north, not magnetic north.

Ungulates are a broad class of four-legged mammals, which includes elk, caribou, moose, deer, horses, and several other types of animal.

A "high" pressure weather system is caused by cold air. Cold air sinks, and as a cold air mass sinks, it compresses the air below it, causing a higher pressure than normal. Remember that the term "high" refers to the pressure, not the temperature. That's why the "H" in this graphic is blue, to symbolize cold.

A "low" pressure weather system is caused by warm air. Warm air rises, so as a warm air mass rises, it creates a bit of a vaccum behind it, which means that the air pressure is lower than normal. A low system can cause thunderstorms. They are often caused by air being warmed after being in contact with the earth's surface on a hot summer day, and then as the warm air rises and causes the low pressure system, the conditions become favorable for a thunderstorm to form. Remember that "low" refers to the pressure rather than to the temperature. The "L" in this graphic is red, to symbolize warm air.

The access in this area looks pretty wet! You'd normally never be able to drive a truck through a bog or pond like this. However, in this case, the water has overflown the road. It would be very risky to drive on this road if this water was flowing, but in this case, a beaver dam caused a temporary pond, and the road was quite visible underneath the surface.

Yes, we normally keep planting when it is raining.

Planting in snow is more difficult. A light falling snow, with no significant accumulation or just a light dusting on the ground, may still be workable. Accumulated snow is pretty much impossible to plant in successfully. Make sure your fingers stay warm (you can use gloves and inner glove liners). Your core body temperature also needs to be warm to keep your fingers warm, otherwise, your body will pull blood out of your extremities to keep it in your upper torso. Quality usually goes downhill quickly when planters are working in snow, because their fingers stiffen up.

Be careful where you drive, or else you'll waste some of your valuable planting time getting the truck unstuck.

It is quite common for trucks to get stuck in the spring planting season, when roads are especially soft and muddy.

Planting in grass is not very fun.

Some blocks will have thousands of flowers. If you have hay fever or other allergies, you may want to carry some antihistamines with you.

Don't eat plants or mushrooms that you don't recognize. There are quite a few poisonous plants found throughout Canada. At best, you'll get a stomach-ache. At worst, you could become very sick and need to be hospitalized. One of the appendices of Step By Step shows you a variety of the common plants and flowers that you'll see during a typical tree planting season. Visit www.replant.ca/training/plants to see some photos from that appendix. I hope that I've labelled them all correctly!

Click here to see a page listing books related to reforestation in Canada. If you received a photocopied version of this book from your planting company, or you're a trainer at a Canadian planting company, click on this link for more information.